Southern India Mills Association (SIMA) has a plan for increasing annual cotton production from five lakh bales to 25 lakh bales.
The plan suggests ensuring adequate availability of quality cotton seeds, especially extra longstaple cotton, capable of giving higher productivity and with a fiber quality matching international standards.
The master plan also recommends adopting global practices in agronomy, mechanized harvesting and water conservation to reduce the cost of cultivation, increase productivity and meet global sustainability norms.
It also suggests strengthening textile processing, the weakest link in the entire textile value chain, with sustainable and competent technology. Textile processing has become a challenge in Tamil Nadu as the zero liquid discharge technology has no solution for sledge / mixed salt disposal.
Tamil Nadu’s textile and clothing industry is predominantly cotton-based and for a third of India’s textile business, 45 per cent of the spinning capacity, 70 per cent of the knitted garment capacity, 40 per cent of the home textile manufacturing capacity, 22 per cent of the powerloom capacity, 12 per cent of handloom capacity and is the only state having a presence of the whole textile value chain. The actual annual cotton requirement of the textile industry in Tamil Nadu is around 120 lakh bales while the state hardly produces four lakh to six lakh bales.