The textile enzymes market is largely driven by speedy growth in the textile industry which in turn increases environmental issues mainly to large quantities of waste post desizing of fabrics, bleaching chemicals and dyes and a corresponding focus on cost reduction and resource optimisation. This has also led to significant adoption of textile enzymes in several applications. Given this backdrop, enzymes are used to enhance the development of environmentally-friendly technologies in fibre processing and methods to improve product quality.
Today, enzymes are increasingly being used in textile processing — mainly in the finishing of fabrics and garments — including desizing and finishing of jeans. The majority of enzymes used for cotton pre-treatment and finishing processes include hydrolase and oxidoreductase. The recently introduced technique of stonewashing jeans with enzymes, also called bio-stoning, is expected to drive the demand for industrial enzymes in the near future. For stonewashing jeans, enzymes usually used are acid cellulases and neutral cellulases.
Based on application, the textile enzymes market can be segmented into desizing, scouring, bleaching, bio-stoning, and bio-polishing. The advantages of using enzymes in the textile industry include lower discharge of chemicals and wastewater, improved fabric quality, longer garment life and eco-friendliness.
In terms of geography, the textile enzymes market can be divided into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa and Latin America. The textile enzymes market in Asia Pacific is projected to grow at a rapid pace due to the increased demand for these enzymes in the textile industry. Economic and operational benefits of using enzymes in garment and fabric bleaching and desizing are also estimated to be key factors driving the textile enzymes market.
The use of textile enzymes is estimated to increase due to the technological developments in the fields of thermostable enzyme, protein engineering and enzymes obtained from genetically modified organisms. Prominent players operating in the textile enzymes market include Novozymes, Sigma Chemical Industries, Lumis Enzymes, AB Enzymes, and Refnol.